-shun, -kshun

Special thanks to Thomas Pacheco for funding this lesson.

This lesson covers how to write words that end in "shun" like "ration" and "action".


To end a word with the "shun" sound we use the chord -GS on the right hand.

# S T K P W H R A O * E U F R P B L G T S D Z
  • TPAGS: fashion
  • RAGS: ration
  • PAGS: passion
  • OEGS: ocean
  • PHAPBGS: mansion
  • SHRAOUGS: solution

Note that the -GS chord may conflict with words ending with "gs" such as "rags". Most of the time, you can just resolve this by using -GZ:

  • RAGS: ration
    • RAGZ: rags

However, sometimes the "-shun" word gets an asterisk as it is less common than "-gs" word:

  • RUGS: rugs
    • R*UGS: Russian

Unfortunately, there's no hard and fast rule on when a word does and doesn't get the asterisk. You'll have to memorize the few exceptions over time. If you find that you use a certain stroke more often than the alternative, you do have the ability to remap it. For example, if you are writing "Russian" frequently for whatever reason, you might consider remapping RUGS to "Russian" and using RUGZ for "rugs".

Kshun

Because -GS uses the -G in right-side K (-BG), we merge the chords to make "-kshun".

# S T K P W H R A O * E U F R P B L G T S D Z
  • RAOEBGS: reaction
  • SEBGS: section

Note that this conflicts with right-side X, which is the exact same chord. Usually, the theory will prefer right-side X, and add an asterisk to give you the kshun ending.

  • TPABGS: fax
    • TPA*BGS: faction
  • ABGS: axe
    • A*BGS: action

Briefs

Chord Translation Notes
KEBGT connect
KEBGS connection
TKAEUBGS education
KAEUBGT communicate
KAEUBGS communication
S-BGS, SPHEBGS sex

Practice

1. Translate

Write the English sentence represented by these outlines, including punctuation.

Remember that if you can't figure out an outline, you can look it up in the theory dictionary.

2. Find Outlines

Find steno outlines that will write these English sentences, including punctuation.

Last Updated: 10/1/2018, 5:16:23 PM